SB206 - Viral Infections

Novan is developing SB206 as a topical antiviral gel for the treatment of viral skin infections, with a current focus on the treatment of external genital warts (EGW) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and molluscum contagiosum, a contagious skin infection caused by the molluscipoxvirus. Approximately 70% of patients treated for EGW receive locally destructive procedures, such as cryotherapy or curettage. Approximately 46% of patients are treated with prescription drugs alone or in combination with procedures. Both topical therapies and ablative procedures for genital warts remain largely ineffective in achieving long-term wart eradication and the average recurrence rates range from 30% to 70%. The approved drugs for the treatment of warts are pro-inflammatory in their mechanism of action and lead to ulcers, erosions and burning/stinging. There is no FDA approved treatment for molluscum and practitioners often prescribe products indicated for the treatment of external genital warts to patients with molluscum, however, the use of these treatments is not ideal for the sensitive skin of children.

Clinical Trial Results

In a Phase 2 dose-ranging clinical trial, SB206 demonstrated statistically significant results in the clearance of external genital and perianal warts.

  • In the primary efficacy analysis, 33% of patients achieved complete clearance of baseline warts by week 12 when treated with SB206 12% once-daily, compared to only 4% of patients achieving complete clearance with vehicle once-daily (p=0.0099).
  • The proportion of subjects with complete clearance of all warts was 30% for SB206 12% once-daily and 4% for vehicle once-daily (p<0.02).
  • Once-daily treatment arms were generally well-tolerated, including the most effective dose, SB206 12% once-daily.
  • Click here to view the oral presentation presented at American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting – 2017

Preclinical Data

  • SB206 exhibited a dose responsive pharmacologic effect with complete inhibition of papilloma growth compared to topical imiquimod in an in vivo model.
  • NVN1000, the active pharmaceutical ingredient in SB206, exhibited a dose dependent decrease in HPV viral replication in human raft cell culture model.

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About HPV

HPV refers to a large family of double-stranded DNA viruses that induce abnormal growths on the skin or mucosal surfaces. HPV affects nearly 80 million Americans, and an estimated 14 million new cases of the virus are reported each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC. The virus is typically transmitted via direct skin-to-skin contact through disruptions in the normal skin barrier. There are over 100 subtypes of the virus, characterized as low-risk or high-risk based on their cancer-causing potential. While low-risk variants of HPV typically are associated with two types of papillomas – common warts and genital warts – high-risk strains of the virus are associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancers; high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia (HGAIN) and anal cancer; and, other cancers of the vagina, vulva, rectum and penis.

About Molluscum

Molluscum contagiosum is a contagious skin infection caused by the molluscipoxvirus. Molluscum affects approximately six million people in the U.S. annually. The greatest incidence is in children aged one to 14 years. The average time to resolution is 13 months, however, 13% of children experience lesions that may not resolve in 24 months. There is no FDA approved treatment for Molluscum. More than half of patients diagnosed with the infection are untreated. The majority of patients that receive treatment are treated with painful procedures and the remaining are often prescribed products indicated for the treatment of external genital warts.